Nutrient Content of Milk Varieties

This section contains tables of the nutrient content values in milk from cows (whole, 2% fat, 1% fat, skim), goat, sheep, and water buffalo. Data used to compile these tables was obtained from the USDA Nutrient Database and the USDA DRI Tables.

The tables in this section are:

Table 1. Nutrient content of milk varieties by serving; 1 serving = 1 cup (8 oz; 244 g). Compiled from the USDA Nutrient Database.

    Cow      
Component
Unit Whole (3.25% fat) Reduced Fat (2% fat)1 Lowfat (1% fat)1 Skim1 Goat Sheep Water Buffalo
   
--- Amount per 8 oz serving (1 cup; 244 g) ---
Overall Composition                

Water

g
215.50 217.97 219.4 222.56 212.35 197.72 203.47

Energy

kcal
146 122 102 83 168 265 237

Carbohydrate2

g
11.03 11.42 12.18 12.15 10.86 13.13 12.64

Fat

g
7.93 4.81 2.37 0.20 10.10 17.15 16.81

Protein

g
7.86 8.05 8.22 8.26 8.69 14.65 9.15

Minerals (Ash)

g
1.68 1.73 1.83 1.84 2.00 2.35 1.93
Vitamins
             

Vitamin A

µg
68
134
142
149
139
108
129

Thiamin (Vitamin B1)

mg
0.107
0.095
0.049
0.110
0.117
0.159
0.127

Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)

mg
0.447
0.451
0.451
0.446
0.337
0.870
0.329

Niacin (Vitamin B3)

mg
0.261
0.224
0.227
0.230
0.676
1.022
0.222

Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5)

mg
0.883
0.869
0.881
0.875
0.756
0.997
0.468

Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)

mg
0.088
0.093
0.090
0.094
0.112
0.147
0.056

Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)

µg
1.07
1.12
1.07
1.30
0.17
1.74
0.88

Vitamin C

mg
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.0
3.2
10.3
5.6

Vitamin D

IU
98
105
127
100
29
ND3
ND

Vitamin E

mg
0.15
0.07
0.02
0.02
0.17
ND
ND

Folate

µg
12
12
12
12
2
17
15

Vitamin K

µg
0.5
0.5
0.2
0.0
0.7
ND
ND
Minerals (Ash)
             

Calcium

mg
276
285
290
306
327
473
412

Copper

mg
0.027
0.029
0.024
0.032
0.112
0.113
0.112

Iron

mg
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.12
0.25
0.29

Magnesium

mg
24
27
27
27
34
44
76
Manganese
mg
0.007
0.007
0.007
0.007
0.044
0.044
0.044

Phosphorus

mg
222
229
232
247
271
387
285

Potassium

mg
349
366
366
382
498
336
434

Selenium

µg
9.0
6.1
8.1
7.6
3.4
4.2
ND

Sodium

mg
98
100
107
103
122
108
127

Zinc

mg
0.98
1.05
10.2
1.03
0.73
1.32
0.54
Carbohydrate Detail
             

Lactose4

g
12.83
12.22
12.69
12.47
ND
ND
ND
Fat Detail
             

Cholesterol

mg
24
20
12
5
27
66
46

Fatty acids, total saturated

g
4.551
3.067
1.545
0.287
6.507
11.277
11.217

4:0

g
0.183
0.188
0.059
0.010
0.312
0.500
0.673

6:0

g
0.183
0.098
0.044
0.000
0.229
0.355
0.373

8:0

g
0.183
0.049
0.032
0.002
0.234
0.338
0.173

10:0

g
0.183
0.120
0.066
0.005
0.634
0.980
0.344

12:0

g
0.188
0.134
0.071
0.002
0.303
0.586
0.407

13:0

g
0.000
0.005
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND

14:0

g
0.725
0.427
0.222
0.020
0.793
1.617
1.715

15:0

g
0.000
0.049
0.024
ND
ND
ND
ND

16:0

g
2.023
1.362
0.700
0.061
2.223
3.974
4.878

17:0

g
0.000
0.027
0.015
ND
ND
ND
ND

18:0

g
0.891
0.593
0.307
0.022
1.076
2.203
1.664

20:0

g
0.000
0.010
0.005
ND
ND
ND
ND

Fatty acids, total monounsaturated

g
1.981
1.366
0.676
0.115
2.706
4.224
4.360

14:1

g
0.000
0.034
0.017
ND
ND
ND
ND

15:1

g
0.000
0.010
0.005
ND
ND
ND
ND

16:1 unspecified

g
0.000
0.066
0.041
0.007
0.200
0.314
0.346

16:1 cis

g
ND
0.066
0.041
ND
ND
ND
ND

17:1

g
0.000
0.012
0.005
ND
ND
ND
ND

18:1 unspecified

g
1.981
1.237
0.610
0.044
2.384
3.817
3.821

18:1 cis

g
ND
1.049
0.520
ND
ND
ND
ND

18:1 trans

g
ND
0.190
0.090
ND
ND
ND
ND

Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated

g
0.476
0.178
0.085
0.017
0.364
0.755
0.356

18:2 unspecified

g
0.293
0.151
0.073
0.005
0.266
0.443
0.171

18:2o-6,cis,cis

g
ND
0.134
0.066
ND
ND
ND
ND

18:2 i

g
ND
0.017
0.007
ND
ND
ND
ND

18:3 unspecified

g
0.183
0.020
0.010
0.002
0.098
0.311
0.185

18:3o-3,cis,cis,cis

g
ND
0.020
0.010
ND
ND
ND
ND
Protein Detail
             

Alanine

g
0.251
0.271
0.259
0.245
0.288
0.659
0.322

Arginine

g
0.183
0.261
0.234
0.176
0.290
0.485
0.278

Aspartic Acid

g
0.578
0.730
0.759
0.595
0.512
0.804
0.754

Cystine

g
0.041
0.261
0.283
0.310
0.112
0.086
0.117

Glutamic Acid

g
1.581
1.901
1.908
1.649
1.527
2.497
1.164

Glycine

g
0.183
0.149
0.154
0.123
0.122
0.100
0.195

Histidine

g
0.183
0.178
0.205
0.184
0.217
0.409
0.190

Isoleucine

g
0.403
0.447
0.456
0.367
0.505
0.828
0.495

Leucine

g
0.647
0.808
0.915
0.801
0.766
1.438
0.893

Lysine

g
0.342
0.569
0.700
0.617
0.708
1.257
0.683

Methionine

g
0.183
0.203
0.203
0.152
0.195
0.380
0.237

Phenylalanine

g
0.359
0.395
0.407
0.355
0.378
0.696
0.395

Proline

g
0.834
0.898
0.876
0.840
0.898
1.421
0.888

Serine

g
0.261
ND
0.508
0.412
0.442
1.205
0.554

Threonine

g
0.349
0.251
0.217
0.201
0.398
0.657
0.444

Tyrosine

g
0.371
0.373
0.346
0.363
0.437
0.688
0.447

Tryptophan

g
0.183
0.098
0.098
0.098
0.107
0.206
0.129

Valine

g
0.468
0.532
0.529
0.441
0.586
1.098
0.534

1Vitamin A added.

2Carbohydrate determined by difference.

3ND = not determined.

4Lactose determined by analysis.

 

Table 2. Nutrient content of milk varieties by 100 g reference amount. Compiled from the USDA Nutrient Data

    Cow      
Component
Unit Whole (3.25% fat) Reduced Fat (2% fat)1 Lowfat (1% fat)1 Skim1 Goat Sheep Water Buffalo
   
--- Amount per 100 g ---
 
Overall Composition                

Water

g
88.32
89.33
89.92
90.84
87.03
80.70
83.39

Energy

kcal
60
50
42
34
69
108
97

Carbohydrate2

g
4.52
4.68
4.99
4.96
4.45
5.36
5.18

Fat

g
3.25
1.97
0.97
0.08
4.14
7.00
6.89

Protein

g
3.22
3.30
3.37
3.37
3.56
5.98
3.75

Minerals (Ash)

g
0.69
0.71
0.75
0.75
0.82
0.96
0.79
Vitamins
             

Vitamin A

µg
28
55
58
61
57
44
53

Thiamin (Vitamin B1)

mg
0.044
0.039
0.02
0.045
0.048
0.065
0.052

Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)

mg
0.183
0.185
0.185
0.182
0.138
0.355
0.135

Niacin (Vitamin B3)

mg
0.107
0.092
0.093
0.094
0.277
0.417
0.091

Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5)

mg
0.362
0.356
0.361
0.357
0.310
0.407
0.192

Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)

mg
0.036
0.038
0.037
0.037
0.046
0.060
0.023

Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)

µg
0.44
0.46
0.44
0.53
0.07
0.71
0.36

Vitamin C

mg
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
1.3
4.2
2.3

Vitamin D

IU
40
43
52
41
12
ND3
ND

Vitamin E

mg
0.06
0.03
0.01
0.01
0.07
ND
ND

Folate

µg
5
5
5
5
1
7
6

Vitamin K

µg
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.3
ND
ND
Minerals (Ash)
             

Calcium

mg
113
117
119
125
134
193
169

Copper

mg
0.011
0.012
0.010
0.013
0.046
0.046
0.046

Iron

mg
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.05
0.10
0.12

Magnesium

mg
10
11
11
11
14
18
31
Manganese
mg
0.003
0.003
0.003
0.003
0.018
0.018
0.018

Phosphorus

mg
91
94
95
101
111
158
117

Potassium

mg
143
150
150
156
204
137
178

Selenium

µg
3.7
2.5
3.3
3.1
1.4
1.7
ND

Sodium

mg
40
41
44
42
50
44
52

Zinc

mg
0.40
0.43
0.42
0.42
0.30
0.54
0.22
Carbohydrate Detail
             

Lactose4

g
5.26
5.01
5.20
5.09
ND
ND
ND
Fat Detail
             

Cholesterol

mg
10
8
5
2
11
27
19

Fatty acids, total saturated

g
1.865
1.257
0.633
0.117
2.677
4.603
4.597

4:0

g
0.075
0.077
0.024
0.004
0.128
0.204
0.276

6:0

g
0.075
0.040
0.018
0.000
0.094
0.145
0.153

8:0

g
0.075
0.020
0.013
0.001
0.096
0.138
0.071

10:0

g
0.075
0.049
0.027
0.002
0.260
0.400
0.141

12:0

g
0.077
0.055
0.029
0.001
0.124
0.239
0.167

13:0

g
0.000
0.002
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND

14:0

g
0.297
0.175
0.091
0.008
0.325
0.660
0.703

15:0

g
0.000
0.020
0.010
ND
ND
ND
ND

16:0

g
0.829
0.580
0.287
0.025
0.911
1.622
1.999

17:0

g
0.000
0.011
0.006
ND
ND
ND
ND

18:0

g
0.365
0.243
0.126
0.009
0.441
0.899
0.682

20:0

g
0.000
0.004
0.002
ND
ND
ND
ND

Fatty acids, total monounsaturated

g
0.812
0.560
0.277
0.047
1.109
1.724
1.787

14:1

g
0.000
0.014
0.007
ND
ND
ND
ND

15:1

g
ND
0.004
0.002
ND
ND
ND
ND

16:1 unspecified

g
0.000
0.027
0.017
0.003
0.082
0.128
0.142

16:1 cis

g
ND
0.027
0.017
ND
ND
ND
ND

17:1

g
ND
0.005
0.002
ND
ND
ND
ND

18:1 unspecified

g
0.812
0.507
0.250
0.018
0.977
1.558
1.566

18:1 cis

g
ND
0.430
0.213
ND
ND
ND
ND

18:1 trans

g
ND
0.078
0.037
ND
ND
ND
ND

Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated

g
0.195
0.073
0.035
0.007
0.149
0.308
0.146

18:2 unspecified

g
0.120
0.062
0.030
0.002
0.109
0.181
0.070

18:2o-6,cis,cis

g
ND
0.055
0.027
ND
ND
ND
ND

18:2 i

g
ND
0.007
0.003
ND
ND
ND
ND

18:3 unspecified

g
0.075
0.008
0.004
0.001
0.040
0.127
0.076

18:3o-3,cis,cis,cis

g
ND
0.008
0.004
ND
ND
ND
ND
Protein Detail
             

Alanine

g
0.103
0.111
0.106
0.100
0.188
0.269
0.132

Arginine

g
0.075
0.107
0.096
0.072
0.119
0.198
0.114

Aspartic Acid

g
0.237
0.299
0.311
0.243
0.210
0.328
0.309

Cystine

g
0.017
0.107
0.116
0.123
0.046
0.035
0.048

Glutamic Acid

g
0.648
0.779
0.782
0.673
0.626
1.019
0.477

Glycine

g
0.075
0.061
0.063
0.050
0.050
0.041
0.080

Histidine

g
0.075
0.073
0.084
0.075
0.089
0.167
0.078

Isoleucine

g
0.165
0.183
0.187
0.150
0.207
0.338
0.203

Leucine

g
0.265
0.331
0.375
0.327
0.314
0.587
0.366

Lysine

g
0.140
0.233
0.287
0.252
0.290
0.513
0.280

Methionine

g
0.075
0.083
0.083
0.062
0.080
0.155
0.097

Phenylalanine

g
0.147
0.162
0.167
0.145
0.155
0.284
0.162

Proline

g
0.342
0.368
0.359
0.343
0.368
0.580
0.364

Serine

g
0.107
ND
0.208
0.168
0.181
0.492
0.227

Threonine

g
0.143
0.103
0.089
0.082
0.163
0.268
0.182

Tyrosine

g
0.152
0.153
0.142
0.148
0.179
0.281
0.183

Tryptophan

g
0.075
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.044
0.084
0.053

Valine

g
0.192
0.218
0.217
0.180
0.240
0.448
0.219

1Vitamin A added.

2Carbohydrate determined by difference.

3ND = not determined.

4Lactose determined by analysis.

 

Table 3. Percent of daily reference intake (DRI) values for vitamins and minerals supplied by a serving of milk varieties; 1 serving = 1 cup (8 oz; 244 g). Calculations are based on USDA Nutrient Database and DRI requirements for an adult male.

  Cow      
Component
Whole (3.25% fat) Reduced Fat (2% fat)1 Lowfat (1% fat)1 Skim1 Goat Sheep Water Buffalo
 
--- % DRI for an Adult Male per 8 oz serving (1 cup; 244 g) ---
Vitamins              

Vitamin A

7.6
14.9
15.8
16.6
15.4
12.0
14.3

Thiamin (Vitamin B1)

8.9
7.9
4.1
9.2
9.8
13.3
10.6

Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)

34.4
34.7
34.7
34.3
25.9
66.9
25.3

Niacin (Vitamin B3)

1.6
1.4
1.4
1.4
4.2
6.4
1.4

Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5)

17.7
17.4
17.6
17.5
15.1
19.9
9.4

Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)

6.8
7.2
6.9
7.2
8.6
11.3
4.3

Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)

44.6
46.7
44.6
54.2
7.1
72.5
36.7

Vitamin C

0.0
0.6
0.0
0.0
3.6
11.4
6.2

Vitamin D2

49.0
52.5
63.5
50.0
14.5
ND3
ND

Vitamin E

1.0
0.5
0.1
0.1
1.1
ND
ND

Folate

3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
0.5
4.3
3.8

Vitamin K

0.4
0.4
0.2
0.0
0.6
ND
ND
Minerals (Ash)

Calcium

27.6
28.5
29.0
30.6
32.7
47.3
41.2

Copper4

3.0
3.2
2.7
3.6
12.4
12.6
12.4

Iron

0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
1.5
3.1
3.6

Magnesium

6.0
6.8
6.8
6.8
8.5
11.0
19.0
Manganese
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
1.9
1.9
1.9

Phosphorus

31.7
32.7
33.1
35.3
38.7
55.3
40.7

Potassium5

7.4
7.8
7.8
8.1
10.6
7.1
9.2

Selenium

16.4
11.1
14.7
13.8
6.2
7.6
ND

Sodium5

6.5
6.7
7.1
6.9
8.1
7.2
8.5

Zinc

8.9
9.5
9.3
9.4
6.6
12.0
4.9

1Vitamin A added.

2Vitamin D values for milk are given in IU and DRI are given in µg, conversion is 40 IU Vitamin D = 1 µg.

3ND = not determined.

4Copper values for mil kare given in mg and DRI are given in µg, conversion is 1 mg = 1000 µg.

5Potassium and sodium values for milk are given in mg and DRI are given in g, conversion is 1 g = 1000 mg.

 

Table 4. Daily reference intake (DRI) values for vitamins and minerals. Compiled from USDA RDI tables.

      Children Male Female
  Unit   1-3 yr 4-8 yr 9-13 yr 14-18 yr 19-50 yr above 50 yr 9-13 yr 14-18 yr 19-50 yr above 50 yr Pregnant Lactating
Vitamins                            

Vitamin A

µg DRI1
300
400
600
900
900
900
600
700
700
700
770
1300
    UL2
600
900
1700
2800
3000
3000
1700
2800
3000
300
3000
3000

Thiamin (Vitamin B1)

mg DRI
0.5
0.6
0.9
1.2
1.2
1.2
0.9
1.0
1.0
1.1
1.4
1.4
    UL
ND3
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND

Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)

mg DRI
0.5
0.6
0.9
1.3
1.3
1.3
0.9
1.0
1.0
1.1
1.4
1.6
    UL
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND

Niacin (Vitamin B3)

mg DRI
6
8
12
16
16
16
12
14
14
14
18
17
    UL
10
15
20
30
30
35
20
30
35
35
35
35

Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5)

mg DRI
2
3
4
5
5
5
4
5
5
5
6
7
    UL
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND

Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)

mg DRI
0.5
0.6
1.0
1.3
1.3
1.7
1.0
1.2
1.3
1.5
1.9
2.0
    UL
30
40
60
80
100
100
60
80
100
100
100
100

Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)

µg DRI
0.9
1.2
1.8
2.4
2.4
2.4
1.8
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.6
2.8
    UL
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND

Vitamin C

mg DRI
15
25
45
75
90
90
45
65
75
75
85
120
    UL
400
650
1200
1800
2000
2000
1200
1800
2000
2000
2000
2000

Vitamin D

µg DRI
5
5
5
5
5
10
5
5
5
10
5
5
    UL
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50

Vitamin E

mg DRI
6
7
11
15
15
15
11
15
15
15
15
19
    UL
200
300
600
800
1000
1000
600
800
1000
1000
1000
1000

Folate

µg DRI
150
200
300
400
400
400
300
400
400
400
600
500
    UL
300
400
600
800
1000
1000
600
800
1000
1000
1000
1000

Vitamin K

µg DRI
30
55
60
75
120
120
60
75
90
90
90
90
    UL
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
Minerals (Ash)    

Calcium

mg DRI
500
800
1300
1300
1000
1200
1300
1300
1000
1200
1000
100
    UL
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500

Copper

µg DRI
340
440
700
890
900
900
700
890
900
900
1000
1300
    UL
1000
3000
5000
8000
10000
10000
5000
8000
10000
10000
10000
10000

Iron

mg DRI
7
10
8
11
8
8
8
15
18
8
27
9
    UL
40
40
40
45
45
45
40
45
45
45
45
45

Magnesium

mg DRI
65
110
240
350
350
350
240
350
320
320
350
310
    UL
80
130
350
410
400
420
350
360
350
350
350
350
Manganese mg DRI
1.2
1.5
1.9
2.2
2.3
2.3
1.6
1.6
1.8
1.8
2
2.6
    UL
2
3
6
9
11
11
6
9
11
11
11
11

Phosphorus

mg DRI
460
500
1250
1250
700
700
1250
1250
700
700
700
700
    UL
3000
3000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
3500
4000

Potassium

g DRI
3
3.8
4.5
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.5
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
5.1
    UL
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND

Selenium

µg DRI
20
30
40
55
55
55
40
55
55
55
60
70
    UL
90
150
280
400
400
400
280
400
400
400
400
400

Sodium

g DRI
1
1.2
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.3
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.3
1.5
1.5
    UL
1.5
1.9
2.2
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.2
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3

Zinc

mg DRI
3
5
8
11
11
11
8
9
8
8
11
12
    UL
7
12
23
34
50
40
23
34
40
40
40
40

1DRI = USDA daily reference intake amount.

2UL = USDA upper limit for safety amount.

3ND = none determined.